Hora / Horai

Hora in Sanskrit means hour. As per astrology a period of close to 60 minutes (approximately an hour is ruled by a Graha). The thumb rule to calculate the hora ruling Graha (planet) is dependent on the day of the week. Each day is ruled by a certain Graha (as listed below), and the first hour of the sun rise will be ruled by that Graha.

Day of the Week Ruling Graha (Planet) at Sun Rise
Sunday Sun (Suriya)
Monday Moon (Chandra)
Tuesday Mars (Mangal)
Wednesday Mercury (Budh)
Thursday Jupiter (Guru)
Friday Venus (Sukra)
Saturday Saturn (Shani)

Note: The Grahas – Rahu and Ketu are not considered for Hora calculation

Let us take an example: If today is Saturday, and the sun rises at 6.18 AM in Chennai, then the Hora for the day in Chennai may look as listed below:

Hora Ruling Graha / Planet
6.18 AM – 7.17AM Saturn (Shani)
7.18AM – 8.17AM Jupiter (Guru)
8.18AM – 9.17AM Mars (Mangal)
9.18AM – 10.17AM Sun (Suriya)
10.18AM – 11.17AM Venus (Sukra)
11.18AM – 12.17PM Mercury (Budh)
1.18PM – 2.17PM Moon (Chandra)
2.18PM – 3.17PM Saturn (Shani)
3.18PM – 4.17PM Jupiter (Guru)
4.18PM – 5.17PM Mars (Mangal)
5.18PM – 6.17PM Sun (Suriya)
6.18PM – 7.17PM Venus (Sukra)
7.18PM – 8.17PM Mercury (Budh)
8.18PM – 9.17PM Moon (Chandra)

**In the above example you will notice that the first 1 hour of the sun rise on a Saturday was ruled by Saturn

Now to determine the subsequent hora’s after the 1st hour of Sun raise, on any given day, is based on a ranking system. The ranking of planets for hora is dependent on speed on which the planets operate. The below table lists the planets ranking based on their speed on transit and has been arranged from slowest moving to fastest moving.

Ranking based on Planet transit speed Graha (Planet)
1 Saturn (Shani)
2 Jupiter (Guru)
3 Mars (Mangal)
4 Sun (Suriya)
5 Venus (Sukra)
6 Mercury (Budh)
7 Moon (Chandra)

 

Considering the sample example (of a Saturday in Chennai), we can understand that after the 1st hour of Hora ruled by Saturn, the 2nd hour will go to Jupiter, the 3rd hour to Mars and so on.

After the 7th hour of Hora is completed by Moon, the cycle starts again with Saturn ruling the 8th hour and Jupiter ruling the 9th hour.

Let me provide another example of Hora calculation. This time let us consider the day to be Tuesday, and the Sun rise to be at 5.55 AM.

Tuesday is ruled by Mars, so the first hour of the Sun rise will be ruled by Mars (Mangal / Chevvai). The subsequent Hora ruler is listed in the table below:

 Hora Ruling Graha / Planet
5.55 AM – 6.54 AM Mars (Mangal)
6.55 AM – 7.54 AM Sun (Suriya)
7.55 AM – 8.54 AM Venus (Sukra)
8.55 AM – 9.54 AM Mercury (Budh)
9.55 AM – 10.54 AM Moon (Chandra)
10.55 AM – 11.54 AM Saturn (Shani)
11.55 AM – 12.54 PM Jupiter (Guru)
12.55 PM – 1.54 PM Mars (Mangal)
1.55 PM – 2.54 PM Sun (Suriya)
2.55 PM – 3.54 PM Venus (Sukra)
3.55 PM – 4.54 PM Mercury (Budh)
4.55 PM – 5.54 PM Moon (Chandra)
5.55 PM – 6.54 PM Saturn (Shani)
6.55 PM – 7.54 PM Jupiter (Guru)
7.55 PM – 8.54 PM Mars (Mangal)
8.55 PM – 9.54 PM Sun (Suriya)
9.55 PM – 10.54 PM Venus (Sukra)
10.55 PM – 11.54 PM Mercury (Budh)
11.55 AM – 12.54 PM Moon (Chandra)
12.55 PM – 1.54 PM Saturn (Shani)
1.55 PM – 2.54 PM Jupiter (Guru)
2.55 PM – 3.54 PM Mars (Mangal)
3.55 PM – 4.54 PM Sun (Suriya)
4.55 PM – 5.54 PM Venus (Sukra)
5.55 AM – 6.54 AM Mercury (Budh)
6.55 AM – 7.54 AM Moon (Chandra)

In this above example, you will notice that the next day (Wednesday’s) hora will automatically fall to Mercury during the 1st hour of the Sun rise.

 

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Chandrashtamam

Chandrashtamam is a phenomena related to the transit of Moon. It is said in Indian astrology that moon represents the mind and hence when the moon gets into a position where it is not comfortable, the mind is obstructed.

In Vedic astrology, Moon is debilitated (or losses its strength) in the 8th house of Scorpio. Hence whenever moon transits the 8th house from your Rashi, it is referred as Chandrashtamam.

Example: Let us say, you are born in the Kanya rashi (as the Moon / Chandran was in that rashi during your birth).

In that case the 8th house will be Mesha rashi.

So whenever moon transits mesha rashi, you will be under the period of chandrashtamam.

Note:  Moon takes approximately 28 days to go around the earth; hence it would approximately take 2.25 days for it to transit into each Rashi. So the duration of chandrashatamam is roughly 2.25 days

It is advised that during chandrashatamam, we should avoid getting into debates or angry conversation, as the mind may not be stable or controllable during this phase.

 

Please check Astrograha’s mangal dosh calculator feature. This calculator measures mangal dosh from the position of Ascendant and Moon.

Jupiter / Guru / Brihaspati (Astrology vs Astronomy)

The planet Jupiter (also referred as Guru or Brihaspati in Vedic astrology), is one of the beloved planets for astrologers. The reason is simple, Jupiter is believed to offer Wisdom and intelligence, and also provides protection and blessings for a progressive life.

Now the belief that Jupiter offers Wisdom and Intelligence could be subjective, however there are events that suggests otherwise. In 1610 when Galileo sighted Jupiter and four of its moons (Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede), it is when he could think of our planet being spherical and not flat as perceived by people of that generation.

Jupiter is a very fast spinning planet, completing one rotation at the speed of 9.9 earth hours. It also has a strong magnetic field that is 14 times stronger than the earth. These factors strongly contribute to Jupiter acting as a protective force for the planet earth. It is said that if Jupiter wasn’t around, the probably of an asteroid hitting earth is once in every 50 years. Probably there is a valid reason why Vedic astrology considers Jupiter (Guru) as a protective planet.

There is always a debate if God exists, the argument may never die. Nevertheless we still have planets like Jupiter doing its job of cleaning up the space junk, helping earth to sustain life. Jupiter is surely nothing short of a God for the earthlings.

 

Please check Astrograha’s marriage compatibility feature. This includes the 10-point South India match making feature as well as 36-point North India match making feature.

Aspects of Planets

The aspects of planets are quite important. The aspects of each planet on a certain house indicate a specific influence. In this section, we will discuss the planetary aspect of all the 9 Planets (including Rahu & Ketu)

The following planets have only one aspect (the 180-degree aspect or the aspect of the 7th house):

  • Sun (Surya)
  • Moon (Chandra)
  • Mercury (Budh)
  • Venus (Sukra)

But there are additional aspects of the following planets:

  • Mars (Mangal) aspects the 4th house, 7th house, and the 8th house
  • Jupiter (Guru) aspects the 5th house, 7th house, and the 9th house
  • Saturn (Sani) aspects the 3rd house, 7th house, and the 10th house

The nodes (Rahu & Ketu) also casts its aspect on the 5th house, 7th house, and the 9th house. However the 7th house aspect for Rahu & Ketu is not really an aspect, but more of an influence in that house.

The aspect of each planet needs to be looked at from the perspective of a benefic or malefic. The aspect of a benefit provides good support to the house and a malefic aspect introduces challenges.

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About Vedic Astrology – Planets

Sun (Surya) is the source of our solar system and it represents our soul. Sun gets exalted between 7 to 10 degrees of Aries and debilitated between 0 to 10 degrees of Libra. Sun also performs well in its own house of Leo, and 0 – 20 degrees is Mooltrikona (second best to exalted status)

Moon (Chandra) is the closest planet to earth and represents our Mind. Moon gets exalted between 0 to 3 degrees of Taurus and debilitated between 0 to 3 degrees of Scorpio. Moon also performs well in its own house of Cancer, however, the Mooltrikona degrees for Moon is 3 – 27 degrees Taurus and 1 to 10 degrees cancer

Mercury (Budh) is the closest planet to Sun and represents our communication skills. Mercury gets exalted between 12 to 15 degrees of Virgo and debilitated between 12 to 15 degrees of Pisces. The Mooltrikona degrees for Mercury is 15 – 20 degrees Virgo. Unlike the luminous planets (Sun & Moon), all other planets own 2 signs in zodiac belt. Mercury also own the Gemini sign. The third best position for Mercury is 20 – 30 degree of Virgo and 0 – 30 degrees of Gemini.

Venus (Sukhra) is the 2nd planet from Sun and represents our relationships. Venus gets exalted between 24 to 27 degrees of Pisces and debilitated between 24 to 27 degrees of Virgo. The Mooltrikona degrees for Venus is 0 – 15 degrees Libra. Venus also own 2 signs in zodiac belt. Venus also own the Taurus sign. The third best position for Venus is 15 – 30 degree of Libra and 0 – 30 degrees of Taurus.

Mars (Mangal) is the red planet and represents our energy. Mars gets exalted between 25 to 28 degrees of Capricorn and debilitated between 25 to 28 degrees of Cancer. The Mooltrikona degrees for Mars is 0 – 12 degrees Aries. Mars also own 2 signs in zodiac belt. The 2nd sign owned by Mars is Scorpio. The third best position for Mars is 12 – 30 degree of Aries and 0 – 30 degrees of Scorpio.

Jupiter (Guru) is the largest planet in our solar system and represents our Knowlege (Divine Knowledge). Jupiter gets exalted between 2 to 5 degrees of Cancer and debilitated between 2 to 5 degrees of Capricorn. The Mooltrikona degrees for Jupiter is 0 – 10 degrees Sagittarius. Jupiter also own 2 signs in zodiac belt. The 2nd sign owned by Jupiter is Pisces. The third best position for Jupiter is 10 – 30 degree of Sagittarius and 0 – 30 degrees of Pisces.

Saturn (Sani) is the most feared planet of our solar system and it represents our duties/responsibilities. Saturn gets exalted between 17 to 20 degrees of Libra and debilitated between 17 to 20 degrees of Aries. The Mooltrikona degrees for Saturn is 0 – 20 degrees Aquarius. Saturn also own 2 signs in zodiac belt. The 2nd sign owned by Saturn is Capricorn. The third best position for Saturn is 20 – 30 degree of Aquarius and 0 – 30 degrees of Capricorn.

Rahu (North node of the moon) is a shadow planet in Vedic astrology. Rahu does not own any houses in Vedic astrology. However classics in Vedic astrology consider Rahu to be exalted in the sign of Taurus, and some consider it to be exalted in the sign of Virgo. Rahu represents the things we aspire to achieve in this life.

Ketu (South node of the moon) is a shadow planet in Vedic astrology. Ketu like Rahu does not own any houses in Vedic astrology. However classics in Vedic astrology consider Ketu to be exalted in the sign of Scorpio, and some consider it to be exalted in the sign of Pisces. Ketu is the moksha karaka in Vedic astrology and represents the accomplishments of past life.

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